Monday, March 12, 2012

366 9/11 cf The Boy and the Brothers

9/11 cf The Boy and the Brothers

Item 6 is about an Aboriginal Australian who protested Kristallnacht.

His stance took courage at the time, but Aborigines, Tibetans and other minority peoples targeted for alliance by Zionists should be careful about complicity in the marginalizing of Palestinians today.

(1) 9/11: Israel Shamir wants to sit on the fence
(2) Maud MacCarthy (Swami Omananda Puri), author of The Boy and the Brothers
(3) The Boy and the Brothers (1959) predicts Communism to die out, Islam to challenge the West, Tibet to survive
(4) Quotes from The Boy and the Brothers
(5) The Boy and the Brothers - schizophrenia or other mental illness?
(6) Aboriginal who protested Kristallnacht to be honoured at Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum
(7) Newsweek Magazine sold for $1 - to Zionist billionaire
(8) Israel to deport hundreds of migrant workers' children
(9) Israel orders massive fuel stocks for military operations
(10) Israel to Procure Unleaded Gasoline, JP-8 Aviation Jet Fuel, and Diesel Fuel from U.S.
(11) JP-8 Military Jet Fuel

(1) 9/11: Israel Shamir wants to sit on the fence

From: Israel Shamir <adam@israelshamir.net> Date: 28.08.2010 05:23 AM

Must one subscribe to these claims and/or to claims of the affirmers? It is so similar to holocaust affirmers and revisionists who insist you must accept their theory. Can't we take it easy? These subjects, weighty as they are, are not the only ones, and they take too much of energy!

May we remain indifferent and wait for the judgment of history - without being forced to express any view?

Yours,
Israel Shamir

Reply (Peter M.):

Although I believe that 9/11 was an inside job, I do not impose this view on my associates.

There's only one contrary bit of information that bothers me; and I published it in an email bulletin of Friday, December 31, 2004.

This is a spiritualist occult book published by Gollancz in 1959, The Boy and the Brothers, which contains an amazing prediction that Communism would die out and that a Muslim uprising would instead be the danger:

"Watch the Middle East — the uprising of the Muslim power throughout the world — not Communism. Communism is NOT the present danger. It will die out.  ... Do not worry over Tibet! Tibet will conquer China!"

I will now revisit that book in this email bulletin.

(2) Maud MacCarthy (Swami Omananda Puri), author of The Boy and the Brothers

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maud_MacCarthy_(Omananda_Puri)

Maud MacCarthy ...

Maud MacCarthy (4 July 1882 – 1967), was an Irish violinist, singer, writer, poet, esoteric teacher and authority on Indian music. ...

While living in the East End of London they met a young man at a local social event to whom they were intensely drawn, referred to only as 'The Boy'; a quiet yet powerful figure who worked at the local gas works. 'The Boy' almost instantaneously began to channel a group of beings known as 'The Brothers' who gave profound spiritual teachings through him for the next 26 years. She returned to India with John Foulds and 'The Boy' in 1935 where 'The Brothers' continued their teachings through 'The Boy', making a profound impact on thousands of people in search of spiritual meaning.

She founded an ashram and published poetry under the name Tandra Devi. She took the name Swami Omananda Puri after her husband's death when she took sannyas (or renunciation of worldly life). It was under this name that she published her autobiography of her experiences with 'The Boy' in the The Boy and the Brothers (London: Gollancz, 1959). A second book was posthumously published as Towards the Mysteries (London: Neville Spearman, 1968) which further expanded on The Brothers' teachings and message. ...

This page was last modified on 17 July 2010 at 20:05.

(3) The Boy and the Brothers (1959) predicts Communism to die out, Islam to challenge the West, Tibet to survive

http://www.aberree.com/v08/n03p14.html

The Aberree

Volume 8, Issue 3

June 1961

page 14

... "The Boy and the Brothers", which is a biographical sketch of the 26 years in which Swami Omananda Puri was associated with the puckish, unpredictable man she calls "The Boy". The author, who is the first woman in 2000 years to enter the ancient Indian order of sannyasis, and her husband enlisted "The Boy", a product of the London slums, as a helper in their home for the needy. However, they soon discovered that The Boy had become a channel of communication for spiritual beings, who refused to identify themselves and were called"The Brothers". During their 26 years ' association (the Swami married the youth who was 20 years her junior after the death of her husband), the voices, acting thru The Boy, gave advice and aid, often physically, to persons in trouble. Shortly before World War 11 , acting on warnings from The Brothers, the trio moved to India where a series of illnesse; and misfortunes beset them until The Boy's death in 1956. Altho much of his i IIness stemmed from failure to take care of himself, and an unhealthy environment, the author blames some of his suffering during his final illness, and probably premature demise, to an inept surgeon, who could not be bothered with proper precautions nor could he accept advice from The Boy, vocalizing the warnings of The Brothers. At no time does the Swami identify The Boy by name. saying she does this to save The Boy's soul from defamation, especially in Christian communities. "The stones of thought are sharper than sharp rocks," she says. "We are very, very cruel. Not content with killing bodies, we go in for slaughtering souls." Crucifixion marches onl __ Trah Ni ka 14 The RBERREE 'JUNE, 1961 i 0

(4) Quotes from The Boy and the Brothers

The Boy and the Brothers: A young untutored Londoner in the service of higher powers, by Swami Omananda Puri (Maud MacCarthy). Published by Victor Gollancz, London, 1959.

{p. 2} . . . INTRODUCTION

Robert H. Thouless, Sc.D.

Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge

The writer of this book is an unusual woman who has lived through a remarkable series of events. It is clear that the events themselves are remarkable whatever may be the explanation of them. 'The Boy' was a young working man of little education who, in a trance state, gave teachings which seemed to imply knowledge that he could not have acquired in any normal manner. ...

{p. 179} One of the visitors asked, in reference to some matter which was troubling him, "What is to be done?"

You ask "What is to be done?" I say: STOP DOING. Let go of life, and LET GOD.

"But if I go to [such-and-such a place] I shall be lost!"

Unless a man is 'lost', he never finds himself.

That day, spiritual teachings flowed in an unending stream. The Brother was entirely unconstrained with those two Muslims.

A Brother once said: — You moderns are only too keen to get out, of the rut you are in; but you do not realise that unless you approach things differently, you will only get into another rut.

It had been a long talk: the Brother, utterly cool and swiftly intelligent amid an excited crowd.

Someone exclaimed: "The Boy is phenomenal — abnormal!" The Brother took him up quickly: There is nothing 'abnormal' in the world — there is only the lack of understanding of the normal.

{p. 222} To this hovel came Ministers of State, Professors, and others. What a crush it was — how hot! — how drenched with monsoon rain, according to the season! But nobody noticed. It was there that a Brother told a Minister to Watch the Middle East — the uprising of the Muslim power throughout the world — not Communism. Communism is NOT the present danger. It will die out.

This was before the Abadan oil business. The Minister, himself particularly interested in Middle Eastern affairs, disputed the Brothers' words, which he said were groundless. It was there that in the presence of the same Minister, in 1951, I got very unhappy about the annexation of Tibet by the Chinese, and a Brother said emphatically: Do not worry over Tibet! Tibet will conquer China! Did he mean this literally, actually, or by spiritual penetration?

{p. 248} Then, a low, compassionate tone broke from him. Very gravely, very slowly, with sorrowful emphasis, the one who appeared to be a Brother in the guise or person of a Buddhist monk, spoke: THERE ARE NO BEGINNINGS, AND NO ENDINGS ... and, with those last words to me through their Boy, faded away.

{end of quotes}

The book can be downloaded at http://emergencenetwork.info/omananda/boy_brothers.zip

To buy a hard copy:
http://used.addall.com/SuperRare/submitRare.cgi?author=Swami+Omananda&title=Boy+and+the+Brothers

(5) The Boy and the Brothers - schizophrenia or other mental illness?

Date: Mon, 3 Jan 2005 00:15:34 +0500 From: Kersasp Shekhdar

On Friday, December 31, 2004, at 04:46 AM, Peter Myers wrote: (7) The Boy and the Brothers: A young untutored Londoner in the service of higher powers, by Swami Omananda Puri (Maud MacCarthy). Published by Victor Gollancz, London, 1959.  ---

I quickly read through this. If someone could tell me how to differentiate what is described here from the weirdo words and actions of someone with schizophrenia or other mental illness, I'd learn something new. Unless the objective or intent is to convey that many or most schizophrenics the mentally ill persons are really 'Masters', 're-incarnees', etc. with unique and mighty but nebulous powers to influence the (d)evolution of Humanity and the World. (To be honest, it does seem as if crazies and loony-bins *are* having the most impact on and influence over this God-forsaken planet, so perhaps. . . .)

On the topic of prime import, I think now more than ever that the currency machinations being driven by the 'money power' are designed to collapse China (getting into the American colony of Canada now, eh?), but may cause less harm to the U.S. than is thought ... The basic principles behind it all were laid down about two millennia ago: to instigate wars, to let the enemies kill off one another, to be last to war so you can come back first, etc. Remember those Humanist teachings? Machiavelli was an amateur.

REPLY (Peter M):

I came across The Boy and the Brothers a year or two ago, when a friend of mine obtained a copy. I noticed the bit about Communism dying out and Moslem power rising, but "sat on it" until a few days ago.

In drawing attention to what it says, I was not endorsing the religious ideas behind the book. But who, back in 1959, would have made these predictions? Certainly not me, or you.

We can't explain it. Perhaps it's just a fluke. Perhaps this information came from other forces or dimensions, as the book says. It will be interesting to see if what it says about Tibet is borne out by events.

Your comments about schizophrenia or other mental illness assume the current approach based on a materialist viewpoint. Yes, many people deemed religious in the past - mystics, healers, saints, prophets - would be deemed mentally ill today. But our psychiatric record - lobotomy, mass drugging with legal but dangerous drugs - might one day be deemed barbaric, as Thomas Szasz says.

(6) Aboriginal who protested Kristallnacht to be honoured at Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum

http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-national/israel-memorial-for-aboriginal-protester-20100731-110dd.html

Israel memorial for Aboriginal protester

Sydney Morning Herald July 31, 2010

AAP

An Aboriginal elder is to be honoured for his unique role in opposing Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews, with a memorial to be unveiled at Israel's Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum.

Eighty-two years ago, William Cooper, then aged 77, led a protest march in Melbourne a month after the notorious "Kristallnacht" co-ordinated attacks on Jews carried out by the Gestapo and Schutzstaffel (SS). ...

The memorial will be unveiled at Yad Vashem during a ceremony on December 15.

http://www.thejc.com/news/world-news/36576/israel-honour-aborigine-nazi-fighter

Israel honour Aborigine Nazi fighter
               
By Dan Goldberg, August 5, 2010

Yad Vashem will for the first time honour an indigenous Australian, who protested against the "cruel persecution" of the Jews by the Nazis.

Researchers at Israel's national Holocaust memorial have spent much of the last year verifying accounts of the protest led by the late William Cooper, the then 77-year-old head of the Australian Aborigines League, who delivered a petition to the German consulate in Melbourne on December 6, 1938 - just weeks after the Kristallnacht pogrom. ...

(7) Newsweek Magazine sold for $1 - to Zionist billionaire

From: Steve Campbell <callstevec1@yahoo.com> Date: 07.08.2010 08:08 AM

http://www.americanfreepress.net/html/newsweek_magazine_sold_232.html

Influential Newsweek Magazine Sold for $1
To CFR's Super-Rich, Pro-Israel Harman Couple

By Michael Collins Piper

American Free Press newsletter

Issue # 33, August 16, 2010

http://www.americanfreepress.net/html/newsweek_magazine_sold_232.html

Newsweek magazine is now the property of Zionist billionaire Sidney Harman and his wife Jane—a fervent advocate for the interests of Israel—who (rather than serving in Congress as she does) should instead be serving time in prison for influence peddling and conspiracy to obstruct justice on behalf of two Washington operatives for AIPAC, the powerful lobby for Israel.

On Aug. 2, the Washington Post Company—publisher of the powerful but weakened daily and longtime owner of Newsweek—announced the sale of the weekly magazine to the Harmans. Faltering badly in recent years, with massive losses and declining circulation, Newsweek was on the auction block for only $2 million, but according to reports, the Harmans grabbed the magazine for the exchange of virtually no money—a token payment of $1.

Glowing media reports say the 91-year-old Sidney Harman—who gained his fortune in electronics and helped bankroll his much younger wife's political ambitions—now wants to put his money toward the nation's welfare by keeping Newsweek alive and ensuring its continuing role in educating the public and perpetuating free and open debate on issues of importance. Or so they say.

In fact, this high-level business deal will make no difference insofar as the editorial content of Newsweek. If anything, Newsweek may well become even more openly and stridently on the side of the Zionist agenda. This has
happened before when Zionist business tycoons (with no publishing background) grabbed control of other mainstream publishing ventures. For example, when real estate manipulator Sam Zell assumed command of The Chicago Tribune and The Los Angeles Times and when Mort Zuckerman, another land baron, seized ownership of U.S. News and World Report and The New York Daily News.

Although the Meyer-Graham family of Washington is traditionally "known" to the public as the power behind the Washington Post-Newsweek combine, the truth is that the company is ultimately another American front for the interests of the Rothschild dynasty. Rothschild-related financial interests on American soil—including famed Nebraska-based billionaire money man Warren Buffet primary among them—hold substantial interests in the Post-Newsweek operation, making it anything but the "family-owned" enterprise it has often been portrayed.

Now Newsweek falls into the hands of the Harmans, who, by the way, are both members of the Council on Foreign Relations, the New York-based affiliate of the London-based Royal Institute of International Affairs, which is the foreign policy arm of the Rothschild empire.

That Jane Harman should now be a major media force is disturbing to those who value both national security and individual rights. Mrs. Harman's corrupt behind-the-scenes activity on behalf of Israel and its American operations was discovered in 2006 when Mrs. Harman—a strong supporter of the warrantless wiretaps program of the Bush administration—was overheard speaking on the telephone with a known Israeli spy operating in the U.S. whose phone was being tapped by the National Security Agency. The spy's identity has never been made public.

Over the wiretap, Harman was heard agreeing with the Israeli agent to use her influence as a member of Congress to try to scuttle the then-standing federal criminal indictment of two former AIPAC officials charged with illicitly procuring American defense secrets on behalf of Israel.

According to reports—which were quickly brushed away by the mainstream media—the Israeli operative promised Harman that the Jewish lobby would reward her for her efforts on behalf of the accused traitors by pushing then-House Minority Leader (now Speaker) Nancy Pelosi to appoint Harman as chair of the House Intelligence Committee. This would have been a lucrative plum for Harman and her friends in Israel.

Indicating clearly that Mrs. Harman knew she was engaged in influence peddling and obstruction of justice (not to mention aiding and abetting in the illicit trade in data relating to U.S. national security), Harman was heard by the NSA telling her telephonic co-conspirator, "This conversation doesn't exist."

Harman was investigated by the CIA for her intrigues, but the Bush administration's then-Attorney General Alberto Gonzales pressured the CIA to back off; the administration valued Harman's support for the warrantless wiretaps of U.S. citizens.

In the end, the indictment against AIPAC's Steve Rosen and Keith Weissman was dropped—much to the consternation of loyal American FBI agents who had accumulated the data that led to the two men being charged and to the outrage of the Justice Department attorneys who had stewarded the indictment through the federal grand jury process. But Harman didn't get the chairmanship of the committee. She was clearly "too hot to handle."

Harman and her defenders decry the allegations against the billionaire congresswoman. But all of the information pinpoints Mrs. Harman as someone who definitely shouldn't be in Congress, let alone among the last who should have any control over one of America's most influential weekly magazines.

(8) Israel to deport hundreds of migrant workers' children

From: IHR News <news@ihr.org> Date: 06.08.2010 01:00 AM

http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-israel-foreign-workers-20100802,0,6695058.story

Los Angeles Times August 2, 201

Reporting from Jerusalem — Israel moved Sunday to deport the offspring of hundreds of migrant workers, mostly small children who were born in Israel, speak Hebrew and have never seen their parents' native countries.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the new policy was intended to stem a flood of illegal immigrants, whose children receive state-funded education and healthcare benefits, and to defend Israel's Jewish identity.

"On the one hand, this problem is a humanitarian problem," Netanyahu said during a meeting Sunday of the Cabinet, which had debated the move for nearly a year. "We all feel and understand the hearts of children. But on the other hand, there are Zionist considerations and ensuring the Jewish character of the state of Israel.

"We don't want to create an incentive for the inflow of hundreds of thousands of illegal migrant workers," he said.

Critics, including some government officials, said the decision would punish children by sending them to impoverished or insecure nations that their parents had left in search of better lives in Israel.

The new policy is aimed at children of foreign workers who arrived legally and then started families. Under Israeli law, the children are not automatically granted residency status.

About 400 children and their parents are expected to leave Israel over the next month. An additional 800 children may qualify to stay and receive residency status if they meet certain requirements such as having lived for the last five years in Israel and attended grade school.

Child advocates acknowledged Israel's need to formulate a policy toward migrant workers but said rules should apply to future generations.

"We're talking about children here," said Rotem Ilan, chairwoman of Israeli Children, an advocacy group for migrant workers' families. "They are the children of people who came to Israel legally to work. We brought these people here to plow our fields, build our houses and take care of our grandparents. And with people come families."

She added: "It's the deportation of children that threatens Israel's Jewish character. The obligation to act with kindness and compassion to foreigners is the most frequently repeated commandment in the Torah."

Sunday's Cabinet decision underscored Israel's ongoing struggle to cope with the estimated 250,000 to 400,000 foreign workers on its soil. About half arrived illegally or have lapsed permits.

Chinese construction workers, Philippine elder-care aides, Thai farmers and others began arriving in the 1990s. They replaced Palestinians as Israel's main source of cheap labor after the West Bank uprisings, which made it more difficult for Palestinians to work in Israel.

Israel has yet to formulate a clear policy on dealing with the foreign workers, including how and when such people can obtain residency or citizenship.

Some critics have called for Israel to expel all the foreign workers, whom they blame for rising crime and strained government resources. But last year Israel issued about 120,000 new permits to foreign workers who fill low-skilled jobs.

To stem the flow of illegal immigrants, Israel recently said it planned to construct a wall along its border with Egypt. The government also has cracked down on employers hiring illegal workers, set up a special immigration law-enforcement unit and offered $3,000 payments to foreign workers with children who agree to leave.

edmund.sanders@latimes.com

Batsheva Sobelman in The Times' Jerusalem Bureau contributed to this report.

(9) Israel orders massive fuel stocks for military operations

From: Sami Joseph <sajoseph2005@yahoo.com> Date: 27.08.2010 06:44 AM

http://lataan.blogspot.com/2010/08/israel-orders-massive-military-fuel.html

Tuesday, August 24, 2010

ISRAEL ORDERS MASSIVE MILITARY FUEL STOCKS FAR IN EXCESS OF THAT REQUIRED FOR NORMAL OPERATIONS

Three weeks ago the US Defence Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) published a notice, as it is legally required to do, announcing that Israel has ordered massive quantities of various fuels suitable for military use, and in the case of the order for JP-8 jet fuel, suitable only for military use.

The massive order is valued at some $2 billion and, as well as the 284 million gallons (1.075 billion litres) of JP-8 jet fuel, the order also includes 60 million gallons (227 million litres) of unleaded gasoline and 100 million gallons (378 million litres) of diesel fuel.

Last week I wrote of how it would not be possible for Israel to mount a ‘unilateral’ strike against Iran because Israel would require complete connivance and support for such a strike from the US. I explained, as I have in the past, how it would be necessary for the US to supply the massive amounts of fuel need for such a strike. If Israel were to strike Iran, Israel would only require the massive amounts of jet fuel and over a billion litres of jet fuel would be more that enough to do the job in practical terms.

If Israel were planning to strike Iran then that would explain the requirement for the large amounts of JP-8 fuel. However, it does not explain Israel’s need for such large amounts of gasoline and diesel fuel since an Israeli strike against Iran is unlikely to include any type of ground incursion into Iran for which these fuels would be used. The only conclusion one can draw, if Israel is not planning to actually invade Iran, which, clearly, it could not, is that Israel is planning to use the gasoline and the diesel fuel for some other ground incursion – and that can only mean an invasion of Lebanon and possibly the Gaza and West Bank when an attack against Iran is launched.

This massive order begs the question; is the final confrontation imminent? And, if not, then what is all this fuel for?

Time will tell. Jet fuel, if it’s going to be used in peak condition, doesn’t have a very long shelf life.

Relevant to the above is:
http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/peres-warns-iaea-chief-of-iran-nuclear-threat-1.310165

(10) Israel to Procure Unleaded Gasoline, JP-8 Aviation Jet Fuel, and Diesel Fuel from U.S.

http://www.defpro.com/news/details/17405

15:35 GMT, August 6, 2010

WASHINGTON | The Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress today of a possible Foreign Military Sale to Israel of unleaded gasoline, JP-8 aviation fuel and diesel fuel for an estimated cost of $2 billion.

The Government of Israel has requested a possible sale of 60,000,000 gallons of unleaded gasoline, 284,000,000 gallons of JP-8 aviation jet fuel, and 100,000,000 gallons of diesel fuel. The estimated cost is $2 billion.

This proposed sale will contribute to the foreign policy and national security of the United States by helping to improve the security of a friendly country which has been, and continues to be, an important force for political stability and economic progress in the Middle East.

The proposed sale of the JP-8 aviation fuel will enable Israel to maintain the operational capability of its aircraft inventory. The unleaded gasoline and diesel fuel will be used for ground forces’ vehicles and other equipment used in keeping peace and security in the region. Israel will have no difficulty absorbing this additional fuel into its armed forces.

The proposed sale of these three types of fuel will not alter the basic military balance in the region.

The vendors are unknown at this time due to the competitive bid process for the supply source(s). There are no known offset agreements proposed in connection with this potential sale.

Implementation of this proposed sale will not require the assignment of any additional U.S. Government or contractor representatives to Israel.

There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness as a result of this proposed sale.

This notice of a potential sale is required by law and does not mean the sale has been concluded.

(11) JP-8 Military Jet Fuel
http://www.csgnetwork.com/jetfuel.html

AVIATION TURBINE FUEL (JET FUEL)

CIVIL JET FUELS

Aviation turbine fuels are used for powering jet and turbo-prop engined aircraft and are not to be confused with Avgas. Outside former communist areas, there are currently two main grades of turbine fuel in use in civil commercial aviation : Jet A-1 and Jet A, both are kerosene type fuels. There is another grade of jet fuel, Jet B which is a wide cut kerosene (a blend of gasoline and kerosene) but it is rarely used except in very cold climates.

JET A-1 ...
JET A ...
JET B ...

MILITARY

JP-4 ...
JP-5 ...
JP-8

JP-8 is the military equivalent of Jet A-1 with the addition of corrosion inhibitor and anti-icing additives; it meets the requirements of the U.S. Military Specification MIL-DTL-83133E. JP-8 also meets the requirements of the British Specification DEF STAN 91-87 AVTUR/FSII (formerly DERD 2453). NATO Code F-34.

AVIATION FUEL ADDITIVES

Aviation fuel additives are compounds added to the fuel in very small quantities, usually measurable only in parts per million, to provide special or improved qualities. The quantity to be added and approval for its use in various grades of fuel is strictly controlled by the appropriate specifications.  ...

POWER BOOSTING FLUIDS

It used to be commonplace for large piston engines to require special fluids to increase their take-off power. Similar injection systems are also incorporated in some turbo-jet and turbo-prop engines. The power increase is achieved by cooling the air consumed, to raise its density and thereby increase the weight of air available for combustion. This effect can be obtained by using water alone but it is usual to inject a mixture of methanol and water to produce a greater degree of evaporative cooling and also to provide additional fuel energy.

For piston engines, methanol/water mixtures are used and these may have 1 percent of a corrosion inhibiting oil added. The injection system may be used to compensate for the power lost when operating under high temperature and/or high altitude conditions (i.e. with low air densities) or to obtain increased take-off power under normal atmospheric conditions, by permitting higher boost pressure for a short period.

Both water alone and methanol/water mixtures are used in gas turbine engines, principally to restore the take-off power (or thrust) lost when operating under low air density conditions. Use of a corrosion inhibitor in power boost fluids supplied for these engines is not permitted.

The methanol and water used must be of very high quality to avoid formation of engine deposits. The water must be either demineralised or distilled and the only adulterant permitted in the methanol is up to 0.5 per cent of pyridine if required by local regulations as a de-naturant. In the past there were several different grades of water/methanol mixtures, e.g. 45/55/0 for turbine engines, 50/50/0 for piston engines (this was also available with 1% corrosion inhibiting oil and was designated 50/50/1) and 60/40/0, however, with decreasing demand Shell now only supplies 45/55/0. The table shows the principal characteristics of Shell demineralised water and of the commonly used methanol/water blend.

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